Political Factors to Consider When Doing International Business

Discussing the future safety of the Saudi Kingdom we should look at the political, social and geographical circumstances which constitute this one of the top oil producers in the world.

The Saudi Kingdom was established on the 23 September 1932 and since then it has been governed by the Saudi family who united most of the Arab tribes living in the Arabic Peninsula and defeating Ibn Rashid dynasty thanks to the British support. That is why the country is called the Saudi Arabia or the Saudi Kingdom. Today, the country is governed by the King Salman bin Abdulzziz being also the Custodian of the Two Holly Mosques since 23 January 2015. He is also the head of the Unitary Islamic Absolute Monarchy. He is going to be succeeded by the Crown Prince Muhammad bin Nayef who is the Minister of Interior and the Second Deputy Prime Minister of Saudi Arabia. There is also the Deputy Crown Prince Mohammad bin Salman who is also the Minister of Defence and the Second Deputy Prime Minister who can probably also claim the rights to the throne as the prince who has also became the most powerful prince in the region.

The estimate GDP of the country for 2015 is 1,668 trillion USD with the population of 30,770,375 people. In comparison the estimate GDP of China for 2015 is 18,976 trillion USD with the population of 1,376,049,000 people. Comparing those two powerful countries we can say that Saudi Arabia looks like the riches country in the world. At the first glance the wealth of Saudi Arabia seems to guarantee the prosperity of citizens and the security of the country. However the decrease in the oil prices can have a significant influence on destabilizing the country constituted by united tribes thanks to the Saudi family’s political skills and knowledge.

However there are some weaknesses of the political situation in Saudi Arabia. Those flaws are rooted in the global political situation not only on the Arabian Peninsula. Moreover we should remember about the tribal divisions and the decreasing oil prices whereas the country economy is strongly oil-based. Those three factors:

– Local and global political situation
– Oil prices
– Tribal divisions

are likely to push Saudi economy into a big trap finishing with collapse of that kingdom.

Mark Twain said that the lack of money is the root of all evil. That quote can be clearly seen when we discuss the oil crisis and the global politics. The oil crisis is a straight way to deepen the tribal divisions which can result in the collapse of the tribal confederation under the flag of the Saudi Dynasty. Talking about tribes we should note that there are hundreds of tribes and merchant families who are influential and constituting the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. Since the establishment of Saudi Arabia the most powerful tribes were: the Anayzah, Bani Khalid, Harb, Al Murrah, Mutayr, Qahtan, Shammar, and Utaiba. It should be also remembered that before the establishment of the Saudi Kingodom, clans fought each other and the stronger and the more powerful was always the one to be followed. Those clans found the protection of the Saudi Family being supported by the British and American governments. The creation and the existence of Saudi Arabia is based on the loyalty of the clans to the royal family not to the country. Tribal loyalty and belonging are very deeply rooted in the minds of Arabs living there. Therefore the political influence is determined by the tribal relations and connections. Tribal sheikhs can influence political and business affairs on the local and national arena. Following that thought, the money from oil export has always been the guarantee of the Royal Family stability and strong position among the tribes. Furthermore the leading role of Saudi Arabia in oil exports give the Royal Family the leading position among the governors of the gulf states. However the drastically dropping prices of oil cause the losses in the GDP of Arab States.

The International Monetary Fund estimates that the revenues of Saudi Arabia and its Persian Gulf allies will slip by $300 billion this year. Some sources say that the price of oil should be above 100 USD per barrel to be above the brake even point for the Saudi Government whereas the forecasts predict the prices dropping down to 20 USD per barrel.

Coming economic crisis and major four political opponents:

– Sunny Islam activists
– liberal critics
– Shiite minority
– tribal and regional opponents for instance in Hejaz

threaten the stability of the country. The most dangerous group is constituted by the Islamic Activists responsible for the terrorist attacks in the country.

After the King Salam of Saudi Arabia cessation the rivalry for the throne is going to start. The country being the absolute monarchy doesn`t allow any other social or political forces to influence the country`s national and international policies. Weakened monarchy may leave a space for the tribal and sectarian divisions which can activate and reflect the Libya scenario during the Arab Spring. We should remember that Libya had an absolute dictatorship for 42 years under the regime of the colonel Muammar Gaddafi, who led the coup against the 17th year old monarchy of King Idris. And the Arab Spring caused the collapse of the Gaddafi regime on 23 October 2011.

Saudi Arabia like Libya has the tribal system. There was no revolt in Saudi Arabia for over 80 years. Looking at the history and one of the samples like Libya, the situation in the region can be picturised like a pot full of boiling water, covered with a lid compressing the steam. The open question is how long the royal had is able to hold that lid.

Wadim Procel MA in International Relations. Graduated from the Naval Academy in Gdynia, Poland. Specializing the in the Middle East international affairs. He is also Polish-English-Arabic Interpreter. Currently working on his doctorate studies at the department of National Security at the Naval Academy.

The Fix Just May Be In

The take away form the New Hampshire primary leaves one questioning the legitimacy of the Democratic process. Both parties have engineered a process within the system to virtually hand the parties Presidential nomination to one predesignated candidate over another. It seems that from the onset of this years Democratic primary season the Democratic party supported by the media have gone to extreme lengths to engineer the positioning of one Presidential candidate over another. This well orchestrated posturing that has been concocted by certain power brokers within the Democratic party, the media, and influential financiers as far back as 2008 continues to mount a calculated gamble to place the Clinton campaign as the candidate of choice for the American public.

There are suspicious undertones that have arisen just from the last two primaries. It is a little known fact that there in both parties groups of individuals know as super delegates who by virtue of just being another elected official can influence the out come of who is going to be the Presidential candidate for each party. In the case of the Democratic Party every Democratic member of Congress, House and Senate, is a Super delegate. Today, there are 240. Every Democratic governor is a Super delegate which there are 20. Now here is the real kicker certain “distinguished party leaders,” 20 in all are given Super delegate status. Meanwhile 432 people who the Democratic Party designate are additional super delegates. They are mayors, chairs and vice-chairs of the state party, and other dignitaries who are given a vote by the Democratic party. They are free to choose whoever they want at the national convention, regardless of how the votes went in the primaries. What makes this so convincing that the fix may already be in is that in 2008 each super delegate had about as much clout as 10,000 voters. Guess what? This year it will be about the same where each super delegate will carry as much weight as the same 10,000 number of voters.

After the Democratic convention in Chicago in 1968 party leaders knew they needed to change the nomination process thus, came about the state-by-state primary/caucus system that we still have today. But, by the 1980s, the party elites knew to encourage more candidates that fit their mold in 1984 the Super delegate system was implemented. Democrats thought that by giving more power to party leaders, it would prevent “unelectable” candidates in their view from being elected. Candidates who they feel weren’t either electable or just not ones that would tow the party line. In either case today, the one candidate in the Democratic party, Senator Sanders even though he has become beloved by the populace, the powers that be have through their super delegate status have put the fix in for Clinton.

What we have today is that the cards are already stacked against any candidate who doesn’t fit the mold of the good old boy network of the established status-quo. It is well known that Senator Sanders who all his political life has gone against the grain. The established comradery in either party since 1984 has continued to influence the media, who then influences voters to vote for their chosen candidate. Compounding the corrosion by the democratic party today and the media is the fact that so much money is required to make a credible campaign especially a Presidential one.

A little know facet about Bernie Sanders is the fact through-out his entire campaign he is the only Presidential candidate in the last 40 years that is actually paying his interns who work for him. You would think that the money players in this years Presidential campaign like Trump or Clinton would also been paying those interns who work for them considering all the money they are receiving and or already have. But, think again. It is this kind of underreporting, even distortion of facts and the blatant refusal by the media to acknowledge the real deal of a candidate who has stuck to his guns all his political life.

Now, when you have a bias media and super delegates all ready lined up endorsing Clinton in this year’s Presidential campaign while a political tsunami is forming practically guarantees that the fix is in. But, what is happening all across the country is wave after wave of mass public support for a political outsider that will upset the apple cart of political expediency of the established status-quo. The status-quo which has been the norm for a very long time. There is of course the real prospect that this tsunami of public support will turn into votes necessary to overturn that stacked deck much to the chagrin of the established party heads and those super delegates. Delegates all ready in position to try to stop this groundswell of support for a political candidate who doesn’t fit their mold.

Someone just recently said that if we as a country are satisfied with the status-quo and with the party faithful vote for Clinton. If we want an arms race again vote for Trump. But, if we want real political and economic reform that benefits all the people Senator Sanders is that choice. Regardless of all the hype by the media, the in your pocket super delegates and the rich and powerful power brokers Democracy and real reform can be achieved by the voices of the public standing together and exercising their Constitutional right to vote. Our future depends on all of us.

A New Game in Town

There is not a person in today’s world that does not know when a new “game” hits the market – it seems that the most popular can only be described as violent, full of gore, and a majority of those who purchase these games find them exhilarating and challenging.

To those interested parties, I would like to alert you to a brand new game that has been on the market but seems to have gotten hidden on the back shelves and behind the register – mostly because it has surpassed the definition of violent but mesmerizing – addictive and mind numbing. The scenario of this game goes like this – you are in a “war room” in a country’s government building. Maps fill all the blank spots on the walls, there are computers humming and voices murmuring. Bright flashes show up regularly on these maps and jubilation hits a new decimal in triumph. You are the operator of one of the computers and your job is to strike terror to a village, town, country – whatever you choose and your fingers tremble as you search for just the right location. So many before you have already destroyed and created chaos that it is a bit challenging to find your “target.” You are successful and you begin the “attack.” To your credit there are bodies, buildings, homes, marketplaces, schools and hospitals that lie in rubble, bricks and wood tangled and smoldering. You have scored Level One so now you can advance and this time your target will be also in the sights of a few of your friends – because this Level is for several players at the same time. Bingo – all of you score and there isn’t a living thing flying, crawling, or swimming anywhere for quite a distance. Now on to Level Three – but this time your town or city becomes the target for your “friends.” You see places you went to as a young person and your family home or business, your school, your gym, etc. are on this map ready for the game to begin.

Your friends are truly enjoying themselves and so are you until at the end of the game and the smoke clears, your town is a heap of “nothing” and your friends are high-fiving it expecting you to join them in their celebration. The disturbing part is that there are bodies lying around that you recognize, and the “fun” doesn’t seem right. You get up and call it quits and “lets turn it off and start all over again” – but the bodies don’t get up and the buildings don’t rise. You look out the window and realize that there is nothing out there – your car is in bits and your “pad” and its contents are strewn across three streets. Something inside of you begins to twist and turn and for whatever it’s worth, your lunch doesn’t seem to want to stay down.

Quite a blueprint for a new game – and now you would like to know the name of this game so you can purchase it or you can hope that you can get all the copies and bury them in the city dump. Well, welcome to the game of War in Today’s World.

It was fun when it was across the sea or clear across the universe, but it is repugnant when it is in your back yard. Isn’t that what is happening in today’s war mentality – we have been truly blessed not to know the horrors of war in the U.S. but we don’t feel an iota of sadness for other lands that we pick on a map and cause devastation. Bodies killed don’t get up for the next game, and war is permanent. The destruction may be rebuilt in time but the reality lives in you for as long as you live.

Maybe when military groups stop playing “video” games with the lives and places others call home – the video store of mayhem and those individuals beating the war drums will be placed in a dark closet hoping that the generations to come don’t find them and pull them out and “play”. Life doesn’t make for a game, but when you don’t see the disaster – it just doesn’t seem real – but it is to millions. War does not deserve a place in the lives of civilized people – that a war can cure an economy that is failing – and if it does – then the claws of Satan are written all over the instructions. Hasn’t man reached a higher “level” of behavior or is that just wishful thinking on the part of those who consider “war” anything but civilized.

Does Your Company Reduce, Reuse and Recycle? It Should!

The saying has been around for decades, but there is more to it than sorting through your trash at home, rinsing bottles and cans and placing a container by the road.

When it comes to recycling plastic, many companies in the U.S. and abroad are ignoring the process and using the “simpler” method of sending plastic waste to the landfill. They may be aware of the environmental benefits to recycling, but not the financial benefits it can bring to their company. Otherwise, they’d be doing things differently.

A recent study showed that nine million tons of plastic waste will end up in our oceans in 2015 alone; Proof-positive that the majority of industries are uninformed about recycling benefits.

Scarily, this amount could increase by ten times as much in the coming years. Most can agree this isn’t ideal for our planet’s health, but many will fail to take the steps necessary to prevent it.

Recycling Companies Keep Working for Change

On a brighter note, the industry is booming for companies recycling plastic, there is steady increase in their clientele throughout the western U.S. and Canada.

By reducing waste companies can turn the future of our planet into something promising. They carries an impressive logistics ability that allows them to pick up tons of plastic from companies and pay them for it, preventing it from ending up in a landfill.

They also recycle the plastic into sustainable, reusable and raw forms, available to companies for less than usual. They can choose pellet, pulverized and regrind forms of plastic that’s been repurposed into high-quality resin perfect for producing a variety of products.

An Endless List of Uses

Recycling plastic is smart, and it can be used in so many things that companies fail to consider. Currently, these plastics are used in:

  • Toys
  • Building materials
  • Medical supplies
  • Automobiles

That’s just the tip of the iceberg when it comes to the possibilities for the resins produced at companies. For more information on what industries work with them, you can contact the professionals at the company and they’ll be happy to tell you.

Putting a Price on It

Though prices for buying and selling recycled plastic vary according to influence by global markets, the benefit is clear. Any money your company is earning from what would have potentially been garbage is a plus.
On the other hand, getting a lower price on recycled resins as opposed to purchasing them new is a no-brainer. The more companies that realize this advantage, the sooner we see a better outcome for the environment.

Anything is better than absent-mindedly releasing dangerous toxins into the air we breathe. Clean air is priceless. More attention is necessary to bring this danger to the light, but also push the benefits of recycling plastic. Once companies realize what’s in it for them, they’ll jump on board.

It Can’t be Easier

Companies are willing to work with clients to create a plan that allows them to collect plastic for recycling on their terms for the final in convenience. It is no more difficult than throwing it away. Extensive logistics connections allow them to easily serve a variety of industries in their area, including medical and automotive.

Their combination of assets, experience and knowledge allows them to give top-notch processing capabilities, and will give your company a great reputation for doing their part to save the environment by adopting sustainable practices.

Organic Photosynthetic Solar Cells Over Silicon Solar Cells

As the great spectre of climate change continues to loom large over the future, the search for viable, renewable energy sources is becoming ever more important.

Solar power has long been seen as a vital ingredient in our clean energy future. With a little inspiration from nature, solar power might just have become an even more promising prospect than was first thought.
Photosynthesis is the solar energy storage process in which plants take sunlight, carbon dioxide and water and convert these into energy (in the form of sugar) and oxygen. The traditional view of photosynthesis is that long-wavelength light (far-red and infrared light, with wavelengths longer than 700 nanometres) contains low energy photons. We used to think that light at these long wavelengths wasn’t “energetic” enough to produce oxygen. In other words, we thought photosynthesis could only occur with the light we humans can see.

But the discovery of a new type of chlorophyll – called Chl f – changes the way we think about photosynthesis. This new green molecule has the greatest ability of any cholorophyll to absorb red-shifted light – that is, light with wavelengths longer than the human eye can detect. This discovery of chlorophyll f challenges traditional views about the physical limits of photosynthesis.

Explicitly, the overall chemical equation for plant photosynthesis is given by the following equation:

6CO2+6H2O+hV—->C6H12O6+6CO2

In this double replacement reaction, complex compounds are synthesized from smaller ones. In this particular equation, hv represents the amount of energy from one photon, while the process known as electron transfer begins after the photosynthesis is complete. One way to increase the electron transfer of chlorophyll is to replace the Magnesium (Mg) atom with another metal such as Copper (Cu) or Iron (Fe). Though introduction of too much of heavy metal may cause damage to sensitive plant tissues, the outcome will surely be effective.

Organic Photosynthetic solar cells (PSC) are designed to convert light in to electricity in four steps, similar to that of the natural process. First the maximum absorption of light; which in turn forms an excited state of electrons as the second step. Next, the excitation diffusion into regions, where charge separation occurs and finally this then leads to charge transfer.
The typical characteristic of a photovoltaic device are described as-

I=Io{exp[e/nkT(U-IRs)-1]+[(U-IRs)/Rsh]-Iph

This equation can be explained in the following terms: Io is the dark current, e is the charge of the electron, n is the diode ideality factor, U is the applied voltage, Rsh is considered the series resistance, Iph is the photoelectric current. The PSC can be synthesized into layers in following order-chlorophyll, a catalyst, argose, and graphene.

The ONE square inch prototype consists of light sensitive molecule, including the photosynthetic powerhouse chlorophyll, embedded in a water based gel sandwiched between Copper and plastic electrodes. Unlike traditionally, many of which contain toxic elements as Cadmium, biologically derived materials can be safely released into the environment after use. The cell’s flexibility could be made an ideal choice for covering irregular surfaces, large pieces could even be rolled up or folded for easy transportation.

It was estimated that the efficiency of a single solar cell produced from this method performed at less than 1% of that achieved by silicon cells. Although sensor data was unavailable, a current could be detected using an ohm meter. Even though this number is small, it does confirm the hypothesis that living chlorophyll can be extracted and used to transfer light energy into electrical energy.

However, varying the configuration of the cell, improved layering techniques, extracting chlorophyll from multiple sources and varying methods of extraction can be utilized to enhance the performance of a photosynthetic solar cell using chlorophyll. Hence as in the past solar panels and cells have replaced quite many electricity providing technologies in the past decade, now within a few years with the quest for better changes in lifestyle organic cells are sure to be on a rise.

The Advantages of Wind Power – What Are the Disadvantages?

With the fossil fuel industry in seeming crisis, many are wondering if Wind Power is the way forward to solve the fossil fuel crisis.

The problem with fossil fuels is that there is only a limited supply of these resources. When they’re gone, they’re gone. Also the effect of the over-consumption of these have led to many environmental issues such as air pollution, oil spills, and the destruction of natural habitats. Therefore many are advocating the promotion of using more eco-friendly sources of energy, one of which is harnessing the power of the wind.

It has to be said that the use of wind powered turbines is becoming a very controversial issue. Many environmentalists agree with the principle, but object to the way that wind powered turbines and generators make marks on the landscape. For example, in Scotland Donald Trump is objecting to a wind farm which will be in view of a golf course which he is developing.

However, from an environmental point of view, what are the advantages of using the wind as a power source?

Advantages of Wind Power?

The first advantage is that the source of the energy is completely free. The only investment is the installation of the wind turbine and then the regular upkeep. This means that money doesn’t have to be spent to regularly harness the power, unlike digging for coal, drilling for oil and extracting gas.

The second advantage is that investing in wind power is significantly lower than in fossil fuels. For example, a person doesn’t have to do much exploration to find out where a windy place is. Wind turbines come in all sizes, and this means that they can be purchased by an individual, if he has the space to place this on his own land. More and more in the developing world there is a push towards small villages and town installing their own wind turbines so that they can reduce the dependency on expensive fossil fuels.

Another advantage of using the power of the wind is that they only take up a relatively small area of land. So it means that the land on which the wind turbine is situated can also be used for other purposes, for example, agriculture, livestock and even recreation.

Of course, this doesn’t mean that wind powered turbines isn’t without its own disadvantages.

Disadvantages of Wind Power

One of the main disadvantages of wind power is the fact it’s not always available. Many governments build wind farms in places where there are already strong winds, for example, on hillsides and along coastlines. However even doing that cannot guarantee a constant source of power.

There are other disadvantages to wind power, but these are usually small and are based on location and an individual’s viewpoint. Many people who live close to wind turbines complain of the noise. There is also the issue of flickering shadows, which can be annoying to people at home.

There is one area of wind power where either side have their point to prove – the impact on the landscape.

Disagreements on using the Power of the Wind

The main disagreement seems to be the footprint that wind turbines and generators leave on the landscape. Many people are of the opinion that the countryside should be left unspoiled. Whereas others feel that the wind generators have become and interesting addition to the landscape. After all, they are they to protect the environment.